The Militarization of Women in Japan

The lives of women and understanding of both themselves as well as the global sphere changes based on how one perceives things.  In all cases however, it is shown that their femininity is used as a tool of manipulation by the military.  In chapters 7 of Cynthia Enloe’s book, Globalization & Militarization she looks at Japan specifically and their use of women’s femininity over time.  It’s interesting to see how the female body can be used whether it be through exploitation or manipulation within one culture alone.

Women from all over East Asia were exploited in the World War II era by the Japanese governments.  They were used for sex by soldiers and lived in these spaces where everyone else had the same role.  They were called comfort women, and even though this is no longer practiced, it is still unjust that these women had to go through what they did.  What upsets me the most is the lack of empathy from the Japanese government about what happened; it’s like they try to erase history by not acknowledging that what they did cause many women to suffer.  A women’s organization in Japan (Violence Against Women Worldwide Network), set up a testimony system for the women that were a part of this exploitation.  Women from all over East Asia including, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and other countries testified about their experiences during their time as comfort women.  What they found is that they were treated like slaves and it was a form of using the female body as an object.  It was the military once again objectifying females for the “benefit” of male soldiers.

While the female body is a huge part of this exploitation by the military, it is also one’s identity that is being manipulated many of the times.  For example women that are joining the Japanese Self-Defense Forces are doing so for the idea of a better quality of life.  If we take a step back and see why there are a large amount of women doing this, it is because of the notion that it is safe and according to one woman, a good way to get ahead.

“Aspiring sincerely to international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes […]Land, sea and air forces as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.”

-Article 9 (Enloe p138)

Following World War II, the people of Japan felt as though they had suffered a great amount through war; the atomic bomb that was used on them left areas of the country devastated.  The attack alone wasn’t their main concern, but the health problems that preceded the event were catastrophic as well.  Thousands of people faced the health problems that came with the atomic bomb which led to Japan swearing off the use of war to settle international disputes.  In result, many women over the years thought it would be safe to join the Japanese Self-Defense Forces because of the lack of combat that would occur under Article 9.  But now with Japan sending ships off to the Middle East, many women feel as though this would be a violation of Article 9 and are unsure of what this might mean for them in comparison to what they thought they were signing up for.   A lot of them also don’t realize how consumer goods are encouraging them to sign up for the military or how these goods are militarized.

“ [..] Daughterhood, marriage, motherhood, secretarial and bookkeeping jobs, learning English, fast food, education, patriotism, entertainment, sexuality, consumerism, economic security, and fashion.  Militarizing femininities – in all their diversity—seems to be crucial for sustaining the Tokyo-Washington bilateral security agreement.  If no one pays attention to the politics of femininity in particular women’s lives, it is likely that any commentator on international politics will end up with an unreliable analysis on the politics that today perpetuate the Japanese-U.S. alliance. This does not mean that women control the alliance.  They clearly have little power in alliance negotiations.  But the male elites of both countries do rely upon a lot of women to think of their own feminized lives in ways that make militarization ‘normal’ and thus almost invisible.”

-Cynthia Enloe p153

Japanese Self-Defense Forces Flag

The fact that many of the women that have joining the Japanese Self-Defense Forces for easier access to goods and a certain services, really puts into perspective how this is working in favor of the military.  It also shows how goods are not always independent from the military but a part of militarization.  This is continued in Enloe’s final chapter in this book where she writes about how militarization happens on the personal level without us sometimes even realizing it.

“Once again, militarization happens to many more people than just those in uniform or just those who work in defense ministries or national security agencies.”

-Cynthia Enloe p158

Regardless of where we work or where we are, militarization is something that we are all exposed to.  Whether it is subliminally or more directly, we are constantly looking at things that make us want to promote military ideals.  This is extremely problematic because it teaches us to accept the ideas that come along with promoting militarization and ultimately cause us to look at the world in a way that exploits people, causes people to lose their identities, and form alliances that exemplify this patriarchal norm that encourages us to try to exert power over others.

If we can’t look beyond what the military is trying to teach us, regardless of where the military is from, it only causes us to continue to give into this cycle.  It brainwashes us to the point where we don’t even know what we are taking in from them.  Do you see this in your life? I definitely do; every time I walk into a clothing store I can’t help but be hit in the fact with products that promote the military fashion.  Besides goods, is this idea being pushed onto us in more subliminal ways? I think it would be interesting to examine how and where this happens.  It would also be equally interesting for us to try to see how this can be stopped.

Fox’s Underlying Hatred and The War in Afghanistan

Fox News’s article on the 10 year mark of the United States’ war with Afghanistan was an interesting mix of resentfulness towards the White House for the lack of acknowledgment they had for the ten year anniversary and a strange denial of what they were supporting a little over 10 years ago.  The entire article seemed like it was an attack on the Obama administration without actually saying that it was. The article does not have a definite author except that it was produced by Associated Press but many would not be surprised about this. The article isn’t really news for those that have followed Fox’s track record of how they decide to report on things; but it is a clear example of the pseudo yellow journalism that they take part in.

In this particular article there is a lot of language that is used to convey a negative image of the current presidency.  By using the recent elections as an example of why the Obama administration is doomed for failure, it takes a biased approach on the entire situation.  They state that since there is an election year coming up, the Republican candidates might be willing to call President Obama out on the war in Afghanistan and foreign policy but those issues might be overshadowed by the economy.  It’s as though they are forgetting the ten year anniversary of the war with Afghanistan and completely focusing on national politics.  For the most of the article, the issue of president Obama failing at appeasing Americans seems to be the main concern with Afghanistan in the background.  That’s not premise for a news story that’s actually sticking to what’s happening, but instead a news story with personal biases as the main message to persuade readers to think a certain way.

The comment of the economy being President Obama’s main concern is a jab at his presidency and how the authors of the article feel like it the war in Afghanistan should have been remembered in a less muted manner.  There however was interesting data on the amount of people that were for the war in the 2001 in comparison to the amount of people that are now against the war.  What I did find interesting is that there wasn’t that much mention of why the war started in the first place.  They did mention the 9/11 attacks on this country and how that started the idea that we should be fighting the war on terror but they didn’t mention all of the “save the women” propaganda that occurred in the beginning of the war.  There were many people that believed that it was our duty to go into both Afghanistan and Iraq to liberate the oppressed women in those countries and simultaneously fight those that attacked us.  These weren’t mentioned at all nor were the rights they previously had and the rights they have now listed.

As much as the Obama administration had promised that they would bring the troops back home from Afghanistan and Iraq, which they have done only in Iraq thus far, people can’t expect wars to end overnight.  It’s especially hypocritical when it’s coming from a news source that strongly supported the U.S. occupation of both Iraq and Afghanistan in the first place.  While I too would like to see the war in Afghanistan come to an end, bashing the presidency for not ending a war that was widely supported under another president’s time in office is not the most productive way to go about reporting things to the public – it creates hostile political arena.

This is continued in the interviews that they included.  In an interview with a senior fellow at the Council of Foreign Relations said that if we want to leave behind a Afghanistan that will actually function well, they are going to have to make some changes to how things are going politically.  He goes on to say that they have been doing well on the military front but not so well on the political part.  This was an interesting way to end the article because not only is the reader left with statistics about how many people want the war with Afghanistan to end but also that it isn’t as close to happening as many might have imagined.

The war in Afghanistan has been taking place for over 11 years now without any idea of when it might end.  Even though there are many people that think that the war should end, it is irrational to think that wars can end whenever a population wants it to end.  There is always a matter of rebuilding and stabilizing the country before leaving it; if we disregarded this we would be leaving Afghanistan in shambles which some might consider being even more immoral.  This article doesn’t do anything but try to shove numbers into the readers face without really informing them about what is actually happening.  It is almost as though they are trying to infuriate Americans by telling them about what a terrible job, even though there isn’t actual evidence to back that claim up, the current administration has been doing without explicitly stating that.

It’s ridiculous and a great example of the bias “news” Associated Press and Fox News present to us.  These media outlets brainwash us and make us believe things without providing information to back up their claims.  Their anti-Obama rhetoric adds to this and makes their message even more absurd.  This makes me wonder if others think that these “news” organizations should be held accountable for the evident biases.  I definitely think they should be – their representation of the news just gives people a misconstrued understanding of the world.  And if they are affecting the way people think and understand, which they clearly are, what negative impacts can that have on our society.  If Fox News is the only news source many Americans follow, the way that they learn about the world might only be through the eyes of conservative businessmen.  Utterly terrifying but sadly what’s actually happening.

— Ifath N. Iftikhar

A Coalition Following War: The European Union

World War II was probably one of the most devastating wars that the world has ever seen.  Millions of deaths, millions more displaced, cities in shambles, and the great uncertainty that came with it were some of the outcomes of the war.  While World War II was bloody and awful in almost every way possible, there was still light at the end of the tunnel: a coalition amongst European nations.

The formation of the European Union came from the great uncertainties Europe faced after the war and from a fear of nationalism.  After seeing what a crazy nationalist leader, Adolf Hitler, could do with a country that was desperate for a change, most European states wanted to stay as far away from that as possible.

No one wanted another evil lunatic like Hitler.

The European Union is an international organization that is now comprised of 27 European nations that have similar governing policies.  While members of the European Union are countries from all over Europe, it was originally made up of Western European nations and formed after World War II.

World War II was a result of the problems that were left over from World War I. Germany especially had many economic instabilities and a lot of resentment from the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles.  This allowed extreme nationalists like Adolf Hitler to gain public support and recruit members to The Nationalist Socialist Party (NAZI).   In 1934, Hitler became supreme leader and started spreading his idea of the “pure” race; he considered himself an “Aryan” and thought that members of the pure race should expand.

Hitler allied with Japan and Italy against the Soviet Union.  This later led to the occupation of Austria and the invasion of Poland in 1939 which begun the Second World War.  From the south, Italy under Stalin’s rule decided to invade the Baltic States.

The Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) gained support from other European nations.  Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria joined the Axis powers which lead to the ideology of the “pure” race to be spread around and enforced throughout Europe.

Hitler was against the Jewish race and thought that they “ruined” the pure “Aryan” race.  Throughout World War II, there were raids, captures, and killings that happened towards anyone that identified as Jewish.  There were camps set up to hold all the people that the Nazi’s captured and within these camps people were split up from their families and forced to work in severe conditions.  They were continuously killed through gas chambers or other cruel methods because a pure race was considered to be the ideal society.

People that were considered to be Jewish were not the only ones that were killed.  Nazi Germany exterminated anyone with disabilities (both mental and physical) and the Gypsies.   Their goal for the “pure” race was used to reason all of the murders that they were committing within and outside of these camps.

There were many deaths in Europe as well as around the world at the time.  The Axis powers tried to spread their rule over different countries while the Allied powers tried to stop what the opposition was doing.  The Allied forces fought back greatly throughout World War II and the war was officially over in 1945. 

Following the war, Europe had a great amount of instability.  Germany was separated into occupation zones that were controlled by the United States, The Soviet Union, Britain, and France.  There were 35 million to 60 million deaths that occurred throughout the war which caused there to be a huge impact in the way things were being run worldwide.  There were major losses and the states of many people’s lives were heavily changed after the war.

At the end of World War II six nations, The Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxemburg and West Germany, signed the Treaty of Paris in 1951 to establish stronger social, political and economic ties with each other.  None of the countries was in favor of any kind of nationalism at the time because of what they saw with World War II.  Nationalism led to extreme measures that resulted in millions of deaths around the world.  No one really wanted that to happen again and Europe thought that it was because of nationalism that it happened.  So instead of only looking after their own national agenda’s, they believed that forming alliances with countries that felt the same way would be a good idea to help their own country without extreme nationalism.

This idea of building an alliance amongst the countries officially took effect in 1952 when the European Coal and Steel Community was created which allowed free trade when it came to economic and military resources amongst these countries.  In result these countries thought that there should be a committee to overlook what was going on within these nations which ultimately led to positions that oversaw just that.  This is considered to be the official start of the early stages of the European Union.

Overtime the European Community, as it was called prior to 1991, introduced many changes in Europe.  This included the first European currency: the Euro, and trying to enforce gender equality.  While there are still many gaps amongst the sexes, the European Union claims that they are working towards a more equal society.  There are yearly reports that document exactly that and there are efforts that are being made to make sure that there’s a brighter future for all the countries that are now a part of the European Union.



Nike: Modern Day Slavery

Imagine having to work in an environment where you were treated as less than a human; had to deal with extremely harsh working conditions and were unable to speak out without the risk of losing the only job you were able to get to survive.

This is the reality that many factory workers have to face around the world.  These workers are exploited by the factories that they work for and the companies that own or run the factories don’t regulate working conditions for many workers in developing nations.  There are multiple companies that have factories that violate humane working conditions but one of the major culprits is Nike.

Nike is one of the many companies that produce many of their items abroad.  The outsourcing that takes place is beneficial for the company but very detrimental so the workers that work in the foreign factories.   While it does provide work to those that are in need of an income, they are also underpaid, overworked, and exploited under these companies.

In Nike’s case, they have sweatshops in many places including Vietnam and Pakistan where workers are not given fair rights or wages for the amount of work they are forced to do.  Workers are routinely physically abused, mentally abused, and sexually harassed in these factories. 

On top of these already terrible working conditions, workers are:

  • Not given proper training or having the necessary safety equipment.
  • Exposed to toxic glues and chemicals.
  • Paid an average of $1.60 a day when at least $3.00 a day is needed to survive.
  • Expected to work an average of 60 to 70 hours a week.

While Nike publicly says that the conditions that these workers are working in are constantly regulated, they are usually only monitored a few times a year. During those times, sweatshops are made to fit working conditions and the monitors almost never speak directly to the workers; instead they speak only to the owners of the sweatshops who are usually the ones that are perpetuating the violence towards the workers.

Nike does not offer these workers benefits but has agreed to pay for medical expenses only by reimbursing workers for medical bills that they have paid in full.  In most cases, the workers aren’t able to afford adequate medical attention and therefore don’t receive any compensation from Nike.

Workers are also often scared of those that run the sweatshops in fear that they will be abused for wanting to use the bathroom or even taking a break.  They are at time restricted from using the facilities since that would lessen the amount of items that were produced.  Women often wear multiple sanitary napkins or refrain from using as a result of this which leads to even more unsanitary conditions and medically dangerous conditions for the workers.

Nike does not only abuse adult sweatshop workers, they are also reported to frequently hire people under the age of 18 in these sweatshops and there are no initiatives taken to monitor this.  Nike signed a pledged to stop using workers in hazardous situations in 1998 after denying any abuse that these workers faced.  Since then, Nike has not followed through with this agreement and routinely turns a blind eye to these sweatshops.  This kind promise is something that should have been kept by a company that is sincerely trying to make sure that all of the labor that goes into their products is fair and just.  Instead Nike decided to not take this issue into concern and continues to allow the unfair treatment of these workers.

They constantly boast about how these factories offer jobs to those that live abroad and how this helps them afford a better life.  In reality it forces them to work like slaves without adequate compensation and forces them to work in environments that are constantly exposed to abuse and unjust treatment.

In addition to using sweatshops that perpetuate violence and offer workers inadequate conditions to work under, Nike has also bought good from manufacturers that use child labor.  In Pakistan areas like Sialkot are known to use child labor to mass produce sporting goods.

In 1996 Life magazine published an article about a 12-year-old boy in Pakistan that stitched soccer balls for Nike for about 60 cents a day.  This was not uncommon for Pakistan which allowed children to work for low wages.  But multi-million dollar companies using this to their advantage was something that was heavily looked down upon.

This information that was leaked to the public lead to massive protest against the company from people in the United States and worldwide.  Nike had purchased soccer balls from a subcontractor in Pakistan that year which showed either the lack of concern Nike had for its workers or the lack of information that the company had about what was going on.  It wasn’t the latter.

Nike continues to use sweatshops in countries primarily in Asia and still does not regulate these sweatshops.  Their “mission” of offering jobs to those in developing nations or nations that has higher poverty rates is just a façade for saving the company money.

It’s not only Nike that puts up illusion of wanting to help others.  Many companies like Nike are constantly allowing sweatshops to abuse their workers and does nothing to make sure that this injustice doesn’t occur.  Unlike what these companies want us to believe, they are doing nothing more than continuing repressive cycles which in result benefits them.

— Ifath N. Iftikhar

Human Rights Watch — Promoting Peace and Justice in Times of Conflict

Human Rights Watch ( is an independent organization that works around the world to help promote and defend human rights.  They have offices all over the globe that work both locally and with the other regional offices to prevent government as well as social oppression.  They do this by challenging laws that are set by national governments and by making sure that fair practices are carried out within these national governments.  They advocate freedom and try to further this through activism.  There are petitions for basically every issue they associate themselves with and are always looking for people to support their mission to protect human rights.


Human Rights Watch started in 1978 as Helsinki Watch which originally monitored the way citizens in the Soviet Block were being treated by their governments.  There was initiative taken to call out these governments and publicize the injustices that were taking place.  The organization grew as the Civil Wars in Central America were taking place and was known as the Americas Watch.  Like Helsinki Watch and Americas Watch, more branches formed around the globe as conflicts arose in places like Africa, Asia and the Middle East. In 1988 these branches combined as Human Rights Watch which allowed them to advocate their agenda in different areas of the world while being interconnected.

Human Rights Watch is not affiliated with any single human rights issue; they have branches that deal with oppressive governments, sexual violence, combat violence, and many issues like these that prevent people from rights they should have.

While they are continuously working to make sure that people around to world are allowed to exercise the rights and are constantly trying to work with governments to ensure that the citizens of their countries have the rights that they deserve, Human Rights Watch has been successful in doing so in some cases.


A recent victory for Human Rights Watch involved putting pressure on the Burmese government to free political prisoners.  While there are at least 200 prisoners that were confirmed to be released, there are still many more that are being imprisoned for criticizing the government.  Human Rights Watch continues to advocate for their freedom and understands that the root of the problem is oppressive government.

In Burma people can be convicted if they speak negatively about the government in any way, shape or form.  This has led to the large amount of political prisoners in Burma’s incarceration system.  These prisoners spoke out against the Burmese government and criticized them for many.  A specific instance where many Burmese citizens were arrested was following Cyclone Nargis where many people criticized the government for not accepting enough aid to help those that were seriously affected.  Many activists as well as prominent figures in Burma were thrown in jail for publicly speaking about this and were used as examples for the rest of the country.  Human Rights Watch has been trying to end this injustice and believes that citizens should have the right to call out their governments without there being a penalty.  They have been pressuring the Burmese government to release these political prisoners through grassroots petitions and by communicating directly with the Burmese government.

You can sign the petition to free Burmese political prisoners here:


Human Rights Watch was also heavily involved with the 2011 Egyptian Revolution.  They were there to support protestors and the citizens of Egypt that wanted Mubarak’s regime to come to an end.  They were also there to help release journalists that were arrested during the revolution and were sometimes successful in doing so.  Human Rights Watch had bloggers and journalists that they supported throughout the revolution to help spread information about what was happening.  In result many of the journalists were arrested by the Egyptian government causing Human Rights Watch to put pressure on the government to release them.  They supported Egypt through the entire process of putting an end to an oppressive government and are still trying to make sure that human rights are being valued even after the fall of Mubarak.

Human Rights Watch is concerned about women’s roles in Egypt and their right to be a part of the new Egyptian government.  They acknowledge that after times of conflict women’s rights have been forgotten and they are working to make sure that this doesn’t happen in Egypt.  They want to make sure that every citizen of Egypt has rights and is able to exercise their rights without a struggle.


In Uganda, Human Rights Watch has worked feverously to stop the Lord’s Resistance Army which is a rebel group that has caused havoc on Ugandan citizens.  The Lord’s Resistance Army has had a track record of extreme violence towards Ugandans.  This violence ranges from beatings, killings, kidnapping, rapes and more atrocities.  Human Rights Watch documented this from Ugandans that have dealt with the Lord’s Resistance Army.  These documentations were in forms of letters addressed to the United States government to help them against this violence that they were facing.  Human Rights Watch translated the letters and the documentation of these injustices and presented them to the Obama administration in hope that they would get involved.  They urged the Obama administration that this needed to be stopped and that the United States needed to do everything in its power to make sure these people did not continue to be the victims of this violent rebel group.

The Obama administration signed the Lord’s Resistance Army Disarmament Act as well as the Northern Uganda Recovery Act in result.  Human Rights Watch continues to work with those that live in Uganda as well as the United States government to help protect the citizens of Uganda from being attacked by the Lord’s Resistance Army.

Linked is the Press Release documenting the violence committed by the Lord’s Resistance Army:

Human Rights Watch works with people all over the globe to advocate and ensure that everyone has rights.  They operate around the globe which allows them to keep up with issues locally and also tie it into the global system as well.  Instead of having citizens of countries or nation-states that are oppressed deal with these issues themselves, Human Rights Watch believes that is up to everyone to make sure that human rights around the world are being protected.

All of the information and media used is from  You can get involved with Human Rights Watch at by signing petitions, donating, or keeping up with the issues by subscribing to the newsletter.

– Ifath N. Iftikhar

With Humanity, Towards Peace – Red Cross

When I was a little kid, I had this whole different idea about Red Cross. We have a Red Cross organization back home in Nepal too and all I heard was how you could donate blood to Red Cross or how infinite numbers of lives had been saved from the blood received from the Red Cross society. So I as a little kid thought to myself, that may be like money banks this was the bank of Blood. As time went by, a lot of our course books explained the works done by Red Cross in depth. From that day I have always looked up to this organization.
I always found the whole idea of how red cross came to existence be very interesting and motivating one. Henry Dunant would be the person that the whole credit would go to. He was a young Swiss man, who witnessed the bloody battle in Solferine, Italy.  At that very instance without any fear of the whole battle going on Dunant organized the local people to take care, feed and comfort the wounded soldiers. For this very reason, I feel Dunant was a brave young man who had huge potential of reacting so fast and efficiently even in such terrorizing times. Usually most of the organizations are formed after witnessing, evaluating and then coming with solid solutions. But with Dunant it was different. His reaction and services were so prompt to help the wounded ones, and for me that defines the real humanity.
The Red Cross was born in 1863, established by five Geneva men including Dunant. In order to help the wounded they set up the International Committee for Relief which later came to be the International Committee for Red Cross (ICRC). It is a private humanitarian institution whose head office is based in Geneva, Switzerland.

As many years have gone by the ICRC has stood by its rules and have kept helping every needy ones all around the world as they had aimed to. Today ICRC is functioning everywhere from America, Asia, Central Asia, Europe, Africa to Middle East. They carry out relief operations to give aid to the victims of disasters which they combine it with the development in order to make the capacities of its member National Societies even stronger.  They also give protection and assistance to the victims of armed conflict and strife. Not only have they focused on wounded soldiers and victims of disaster by providing them with medical help but they have been there to support them emotionally too. In such cases the ICRC helps in reuniting families, helping the lost individual by searching and finding where about their family members. They not only cure the hurt ones but also protect the other civilians who are in the war or disaster pro zones. And the main help they provide is when they response to the needs of the victims of armed conflict or even any internal violence. And I think this is outstanding because instead of an organization planning and thinking hard for what to provide would be quite a difficult thing to do as the needs of people differ country to country wise. This way responding to the needs gets them in direct touch with the victims, which is helpful for both the sides.

During war and disaster time I think water and habitat becomes the major source of stress for the victims. Hence the ICRC has well coved that area too. They bring in access to water in such zones and create a sustainable living environment. By doing so I feel half of the burden is already taken off the victims head. Last but not the least thing that I felt really good about the work ICRC does is that, they visit the detainees. They do this visit to ensure that the detainees for no matter for what reason they were arrested, are being treated with dignity and humanity in accordance with international norms and standards. This was very significant matter to me, because in a lot of countries they do not allow the prisoners to have their basic right to humanity, which then to leads to bad consequences, uncountable number of deaths and traumatic mental illness. There are many more things that ICRC does for the welfare of people but it’s broad for each and everything to be discussed in detail. This shows how well and effectively ICRC has spread around the globe.

They have done a lot since the time they have been established, yet in future they still want to provide assistance without any discrimination based on race, nationality, religion, class or political opinions. They also hope to inspire, encourage, facilitate and promote all times and all forms of humanitarian activities all around the world to every one possible. ICRC hopes to prevent and mollify human suffering. And in future they hope to contribute much more in maintaining and promoting of human dignity and peace in the world.

As I learn more and more about RCIC, I realize that how important and unique work they are doing everyday changing everyone’s life in some way or the other. Their development works are the ones that I find really impressive because they are not only improving and taking care of the current matters but at the same time they are also working on better future. The main reason I really look up to RCIC is because, it’s a unique organization who is not only active during the times of conflicts/wars and disaster, but are also equally active during the time of peace. Sudden major incidents do not need to happen in order for ICRC to react. Hence we as individuals or groups can learn from their activities and be a part of what they are trying to achieve, by leading ourselves to more of humanity and peace for a better world.

Website link

– Pragita Thapa